Two further facts have to be borne in mind. For we next find him with the players, to whom he is giving directions as to the manner of their acting.
Such simulation, however, would be of no avail if Marcellus and Horatio were free to speak of the manner in which he had met their inquiries, and therefore he anticipates all risk by a confession that he may perchance hereafter think meet to put on a disposition similar to that already assumed towards them; while by a second oath of equal solemnity to the former one he binds them not so much as to give the faintest hint that if they chose they could explain his strangeness, and to this pledge as before the Ghost from beneath adjures them.
His first object is to ascertain whether they have been set as spies upon him, and without much difficulty he turns them completely inside out, while the apparently irrelevant observations he makes from time to time, together with the confidence he pretends to repose in them as to his state of mind, impresses them with the idea of his insanity; none the less firmly that he deprecates such an idea by declaring that he is "but mad north-north-west.
Such a declaration I have already admitted is in itself no absolute proof; yet, as Stearns observes, Hamlet had special reasons for disabusing his mother of her belief in his insanity.
His want of resolution to act immediately is indeed manifest, but it is as manifest to himself as to us. His first object is to ascertain whether they have been set as spies upon him, and without much difficulty he turns them completely inside out, while the apparently irrelevant observations he makes from time to time, together with the confidence he pretends to repose in them as to his state of mind, impresses them with the idea of his insanity; none the less firmly that he deprecates such an idea by declaring that he is "but mad north-north-west.
Hamlet, not yet satisfied, is enforcing his lesson when suddenly the Ghost appears, and while rebuking him for his delay in taking vengeance upon the king, enjoins greater tenderness to the queen.
For awhile after this torturing scene Hamlet has no need to assume his disguise. He no doubt suspects that Ophelia, like Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, has been sent to probe his malady.
Such a belief would act as a "flattering unction" to her soul, and thus frustrate his purpose of driving home to her conscience that recognition of her guilt which it is his aim to awaken. Between the first and second Acts a considerable time has elapsed, for Polonius's conversation with his servant shows that Laertes must have been in Paris for some weeks at all events [See iii.
For the moment, anger at the trick sought to be put upon him evokes nothing but contempt for his victim, though later on contrition succeeds to his passionate outburst. It is upon Polonius that we first see the effect of Hamlet's experiment in acting the madman; an experiment producing exactly the desired impression, viz.
But before separating from them he determines to bind his companions by an oath not to reveal what they have seen.
Their sudden return to Elsinore strikes Hamlet as something strange, and he quickly guesses that the king is at the bottom of it. Turning from the dead body, he reproaches his mother with having blurred the grace of all womanly modesty, with having made marriage vows a hideous mockery, and religion a mere rhapsody of words.
When the coffin is lowered into the earth, Laertes in a passion of extravagant grief leaps into the grave, and Hamlet rushing forward in equal frenzy leaps after him, declaring that "forty thousand brothers could not with all their quantity of love Make up my sum. On this question there are four different hypotheses: If during that interval he also comes to the decision that it will not be advisable to communicate to Horatio and Marcellus what had passed since he left them, there is nothing to be wondered at.
And here, if his reproaches are vehement, if his taunts are armed with the fiercest stings, there is nothing in them which a sense of terrible wrong to himself and deep disgrace to her might not prompt. Incidentally, I have now considered the question whether Hamlet, though not mad at the outset, becomes so after the acting of the Court-play; and there remains only the theory that he was neither mad at any period nor pretended to be mad.
But before stating reasons in support of this assumption, it will be convenient to consider the views of those who hold that Hamlet was more or less insane from the time at which the Ghost appeared to him. That the strain upon him has been great in keeping up appearances is plain enough from the relief he expresses when left alone; and the soliloquy which follows betrays nothing of incoherence or mental derangement.
His first assumption of eccentricity or mysterious reserve is when to the shouts of Horatio and Marcellus, "Illo, ho, ho, my lord. Passing over his reflections when watching the king at prayer with the remark that, passionate as they are, they betray nothing of an impaired intellect, we come to the interview to which his mother has summoned him.
With them, however, it is necessary for him to play a somewhat different role. Against the fond dictates of a love which bid him take her to his heart, he has to wage a terrible struggle.
But before separating from them he determines to bind his companions by an oath not to reveal what they have seen. Hamlet therefore now feels secure on this point. But before stating reasons in support of this assumption, it will be convenient to consider the views of those who hold that Hamlet was more or less insane from the time at which the Ghost appeared to him.
Hamlet quickly dispels this idea and, though in less vehement language, eloquently calls upon her to manifest contrition by a change of life, and exacts a solemn promise that she will not reveal to the king what had passed between them.
This is Furness's position, and "in view of the fact that he has faithfully read and reported all the arguments on that side," he "begs the advocates of the theory of feigned insanity to allow him, out of reciprocal courtesy, to ask how they account for Hamlet's being able, in the flash of time between the vanishing of the Ghost and the coming of Horatio and Marcellus, to form, horror-struck as he was, a plan for the whole conduct of his future life.
His words at length penetrate to her soul, and she confesses her guilt. That Hamlet's lunacy has for some time past been observed is, indeed, clear; but we have nothing to show that he has not had an ample interval to mature into a distinct and consistent plan an idea which at first shadowed itself out to him in a vague indeterminate shape.
He probably further suspects that he is being secretly watched, and he can be quite certain that his words and actions will be reported to Polonius, that is, to the king. While yet in conversation with Horatio, he is interrupted by the funeral procession bearing to her grave his fondly loved Ophelia, of whose death he is so far unaware.
But he has baffled his companions by an appearance of strangeness, and it probably now occurs to him that a like simulation may be useful in the difficulties before him. Now, this is not immediately after the Ghost has left him, for he has had time for considerable reflection, and for writing down a memorandum as to the oath he has given to the Ghost.
Kellogg notices Hamlet's restlessness, imperfect sleep, bad dreams; the successive steps in the progress of his disease; Ophelia's conviction of his madness, in which she would not likely be deceived; the readiness with which the genuine manifestations burst forth upon occasions of unusual excitement, etc.
Short, sharp, questions to herself, bitter invectives against the fickleness of her sex, mingled with cynical accusations of himself and his sex, alone will serve his turn; and if it is urged that his stern resolve passes into cruelty, it may be answered that beneath the ice of seeming heartlessness are raging the fierce fires of well-nigh overpowering love.
To show this consistency, it will be necessary to follow his behaviour step by step. Tony McGown English IV AP 6 October Hamlets Sanity The question of the sanity of Shakespeares Hamlet has been argued for hundreds of years.
Shakespeares critics believe Hamlets portrayal of a madman is so convincing that his sanity is lost. On this question there are four different hypotheses: (1) That Hamlet was throughout perfectly sane, but feigned insanity; (2) that Hamlet was after his interview with the Ghost more or less insane; (3) that in Hamlet insanity was latent, but was only fully developed after the Court-play; (4) that Hamlet was neither insane, nor feigned to be so.
Justification of Hamlet's Sanity in Shakespeare's Hamlet Essay play " Hamlet ", is about a complex protagonist, Hamlet, who faces adversity and is destined to murder the individual who killed his father.
Hamlet throughout the play seems insane but in reality it is only an act to achieve his goal of killing his father's murderer. Hamlet chooses to go mad so he has an advantage over his opponent and since he is the Prince of Denmark certain behavior is unamiddle of paper but he acts crazy in front of certain people.
Essay on Justification of Hamlet's Sanity in Shakespeare's Hamlet Words 7 Pages Shakespeare's play "Hamlet" is about a complex protagonist, Hamlet, who faces adversity and is destined to murder the individual who killed his father.
Hamlet by Shakespeare Hamlet's Sanity Hamlet appears to be insane, after Polonius's death, in act IV scene II. There are indications, though, that persuade me to think other wise.
Certainly, Hamlet has plenty of reasons to be insane at this point.Justification of hamlets sanity in shakespeares